Guernsey is a British Crown Dependency situated approximately 30 miles to the west of the coast of Normandy, and 80 miles off the South Coast of England.
By virtue of being a Crown Dependency, Guernsey has a unique relationship with the United Kingdom. It is not a sovereign state, and it is responsible for enacting its own legislation, although the Crown has retained ultimate responsibility for its foreign relations and defence. It follows that the Island has its own unique laws and Court system.
Guernsey occupies a special position in terms of its relationship with the European Union. It is not a member of the EU, but it is placed within the common customs area and common external tariff, thus allowing the free movement of industrial and agricultural goods between Guernsey and other territories of the EU.
The Bailiwick of Guernsey also includes the islands of Alderney, Sark and Herm. The residents of the Bailiwick are predominantly English speaking.
Guernsey is the largest and most populated of the islands in the Bailiwick, being home to approximately 62,000 people. It has a thriving finance industry, which dominates the Island’s economy.